The femur is a long bone in the body of an animal. It forms a joint with the tibia, the lower leg. The distal end of the femur is broader than the rest of the bone. The femur has lateral and medial condyles that articulate with the tibia at the most anterior projection of the patella. It also has an intercondylar fossa, which provides space for the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments to attach.
The femur is composed of two types of bones. One type is solid and is known as spongy, while the other is called compact. The head of the this is made of a spongy bone. The two types of bone differ in shape, but both are made of a variety of materials.
The head of the femur is attached to the acetabulum in the pelvis. It is covered in articular cartilage. The neck is the femur’s connecting portion and is cylindrical in shape. It is set at a 135-degree angle to the shaft. It is also attached to the patella and lower leg bones.
The femur can withstand up to 2,500 pounds of force. However, a fall from a height is enough to fracture. The recovery time for a fractured can take three to six months. It is important to visit your healthcare provider as soon as possible to determine the proper course of treatment.
Depending on the severity of the femur fracture, surgery may be needed. This surgery helps to place the bones back into their proper configuration and increase their chances of healing. While the surgery can be risky, it can be effective for most people. A surgeon can perform an ORIF to fix the fracture, which holds the bones in place while they heal.
A broken femur is a common injury. It is the longest and largest bone in the body. It is also one of the heaviest bones. The chances of a femur fracture increasing with age and with osteoporosis. The most common causes are motor vehicle accidents, falls, and sports-related injuries. Another common cause of a broken femur is a direct blow to the hip joint.
The femur has a pronounced ridge on its posterior surface known as the intertrochanteric crest. The intertrochanteric crest starts at the intersection of the femur’s shaft and neck and extends inferomedially from the greater to the lesser trochanter. The femur’s quadrate tubercle is located along this ridge. This ridge is the most prominent feature of the it.
In some cases, a femur fracture can be repaired with a metal plate and screws. The hardware is inserted into the femur and is usually placed on the side of the fracture. This is common in knee and hip replacement surgeries.
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